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Guide to using singularity to run ROS Melodic

A guide to install singularity and use ROS melodic and all GUI components with it

Shreyas Atre

A Noobs guide by a Noob to install ros on singularity

  • In here only ros-melodic is shown , but it could be done the same way for noetic or ros2 by editing osrf/ros:<tag_name> tag names
  • As of Dec 10th,2020 Singularity is not supported on Windows
  • These guidlines are tested for Ubuntu 18.04 , 20.10 (Groovy G)

Installing GO

  • You coud just install go from the official guide but since you are here, you need it from here :smirk:

Install the dependencies using apt

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y build-essential libseccomp-dev pkg-config squashfs-tools cryptsetup
  • Visit Go downloads
  • Copy the latest stable release link for linux , until today 15.6 is the latest one
    wget https://golang.org/dl/go1.15.6.linux-amd64.tar.gz
    
  • The /usr/local hierarchy is for use by the system administrator when installing software locally.
  • Locally installed software must be placed within /usr/local rather than /usr unless it is being installed to replace or upgrade software in /usr. Ref
  • Thus extract it in /usr/local using tar
sudo tar -C /usr/local -xzf go1.15.6.linux-amd64.tar.gz
  • Now we need to set the environment variables for go
  • I set them directly in .bashrc but you can do it in alternative
echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin' >> ~/.bashrc
mkdir ~/go_projects
echo 'export GOPATH="$HOME/go_projects"' >> ~/.bashrc
echo 'export GOBIN="$GOPATH/bin"' >> ~/.bashrc
  • Now resource
    source ./bashrc
    
  • Now check the installation
    go version
    go env
    
  • Output would be go version go1.15.6 linux/amd64 and
    GOBIN="/home/satacker/go_projects/bin"
    GOCACHE="/home/satacker/.cache/go-build"
    GOENV="/home/satacker/.config/go/env"
    ...{and so on}
    

Installing Singularity

curl -sfL https://install.goreleaser.com/github.com/golangci/golangci-lint.sh | sh -s -- -b $(go env GOPATH)/bin v1.21.0
  • Now installing Singularity
mkdir -p $(go env GOPATH)/src/github.com/sylabs
cd $(go env GOPATH)/src/github.com/sylabs
git clone https://github.com/sylabs/singularity.git
cd singularity
  • As of today v3.6.4 is a stable one
  • Now inside singularity
    git checkout v3.6.4
    ./mconfig
    cd ./builddir
    make
    sudo make install
    
  • To verify the installation
    singularity version
    

Installing ros melodic from osrf image

cd ~ && sudo singularity build --sandbox melodic/ docker://osrf/ros:melodic-desktop-full
  • Now the container image is ready
  • To execute scripts in the container
    sudo singularity shell --writable melodic/
    
  • This will open a Shell in Singurity image with the current directory mounted by default
  • Try apt update && apt upgrade

Running roscore

[email protected]:~$ sudo singularity shell -w melodic/
[sudo] password for satacker: 
Singularity> source /opt/ros/melodic/setup.bash 
Singularity> roscore
... logging to /root/.ros/log/b03e5adc-3b89-11eb-b60b-dcf505b1c27d/roslaunch-ubuntu-13488.log
Checking log directory for disk usage. This may take a while.
Press Ctrl-C to interrupt
Done checking log file disk usage. Usage is <1GB.

started roslaunch server http://ubuntu:40581/
ros_comm version 1.14.10


SUMMARY
========

PARAMETERS
 * /rosdistro: melodic
 * /rosversion: 1.14.10

NODES

auto-starting new master
process[master]: started with pid [13498]
ROS_MASTER_URI=http://ubuntu:11311/

setting /run_id to b03e5adc-3b89-11eb-b60b-dcf505b1c27d
process[rosout-1]: started with pid [13509]
started core service [/rosout]

Running Gazebo

Host to Container

  • When Singularity ‘swaps’ the host operating system for the one inside your container, the host file systems becomes inaccessible. But you may want to read and write files on the host system from within the container. To enable this functionality, Singularity will bind directories back in via two primary methods: system-defined bind points and conditional user-defined bind points.
  • Before
[email protected]:~$ sudo singularity shell -w melodic/
Singularity> cd /home/
Singularity> ls
Singularity> 
  • After
[email protected]:~$ sudo singularity shell -B /home/satacker/:/home/ -w melodic/
Singularity> cd /home/
Singularity> ls
Desktop    Downloads  Pictures	Templates  anaconda3	melodic  wget-log
Documents  Music      Public	Videos	   go_projects	snap
Singularity> 
  • In the above command -B is the option selected and /home/satacker/ on the host is now binded with /home/ on the container
  • Beware Mount options (opts) may be specified as ro (read-only) or rw (read/write, which is the default)
Singularity> touch test.test
Singularity> ls
Desktop    Downloads  Pictures	Templates  anaconda3	melodic  test.test
Documents  Music      Public	Videos	   go_projects	snap	 wget-log
Singularity> 
[email protected]:~$ ls
anaconda3  Documents  go_projects  Music     Public  Templates  Videos
Desktop    Downloads  melodic      Pictures  snap    test.test  wget-log

Multiple Instances of same image

[email protected]:~$ singularity instance start melodic/ instance_1
INFO:    instance started successfully
[email protected]:~$ singularity instance start melodic/ instance_2
INFO:    instance started successfully

Stopping Instances

[email protected]:~$ singularity instance list
INSTANCE NAME    PID     IP    IMAGE
instance_1       6705          /home/satacker/melodic
instance_2       6994          /home/satacker/melodic
[email protected]:~$ singularity instance stop instance_1
INFO:    Stopping instance_1 instance of /home/satacker/melodic (PID=6705)
[email protected]:~$ singularity instance stop instance_2
INFO:    Stopping instance_2 instance of /home/satacker/melodic (PID=6994)

Running Turtlesim

Using Terminator

Known issues

  • While running the gui apps the windowing system may give No protocol specified and xcb_connection_has_error() returned true The possible workaround (also the easiest) for this is to allow the anyone on the localhost to connect to your dislpay using xhost +local: - ref
  • libGL error: No matching fbConfigs or visuals found libGL error: failed to load driver: swrast The possible workaround is to install nvidia or other graphic drivers ref and then a reboot
  • While running terminator dbus.exceptions.DBusException: org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.Spawn.ExecFailed: /usr/bin/dbus-launch terminated abnormally without any error message D-Bus is a software bus, inter-process communication, and remote procedure call mechanism that allows communication between multiple processes running concurrently on the same machine. simply use terminator -u

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